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API yog dab tsi? Thiab Lwm Cov Lus Cim: REST, SOAP, XML, JSON, WSDL

Thaum koj siv lub browser, koj tus browser ua kev thov los ntawm tus neeg siv khoom tus neeg rau zaub mov thiab lub server xa rov qab cov ntaub ntawv uas koj tus browser sib sau ua ke thiab nthuav tawm nplooj ntawv web nrog. Tab sis yuav ua li cas yog tias koj tsuas yog xav kom koj lub server lossis nplooj ntawv web tham nrog lwm tus server? Qhov no yuav xav kom koj mus rau qhov program code rau API.

API yog dab tsi?

API yog qhov ntawv luv rau Thov Programming Interface (API). API yog cov txheej txheem niaj hnub, cov txheej txheem, thiab cov cuab yeej siv los tsim cov web-enabled thiab mobile-based applications. API qhia meej tias koj tuaj yeem lees paub qhov tseeb (yeem), thov thiab tau txais cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm API server.

API yog dab tsi?

Thaum siv hauv cov ntsiab lus ntawm kev txhim kho lub vev xaib, API feem ntau yog cov txheej txheem ntawm Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) thov cov lus, nrog rau cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov qauv ntawm cov lus teb. Web APIs tso cai rau kev sib xyaw ntawm ntau yam kev pabcuam rau hauv cov ntawv thov tshiab hu ua mashups.

Wikipedia

Cia peb muab piv txwv yooj yim. Yog tias koj yuav siv qhov txuas luv luv kom koj tuaj yeem faib qhov URL ntev dua yooj yim dua, koj tuaj yeem siv qhov kev pabcuam zoo li Bit.ly. Koj ntaus qhov URL ntev hauv, xa qhov URL, thiab Bit.ly teb nrog qhov URL luv.

Yuav ua li cas yog tias koj xav siv Bit.ly nyob rau hauv lub Scope ntawm lub platform uas koj siv? Tej zaum koj tau ua tus tsim QR code online tab sis xav kom ntev URLs luv ua ntej. Hauv qhov no, koj tuaj yeem npaj koj lub xaib xa daim ntawv thov mus rau Bit.ly API thiab tom qab ntawd ntes cov lus teb los tsim koj tus lej QR.

Cov txheej txheem yog automated nrog API qhov twg tsis muaj kev cuam tshuam tib neeg. Nov yog lub sijhawm uas APIs muab txhua lub koom haum. APIs pab cov tshuab hauv synchronizing cov ntaub ntawv, kev thov, thiab automating txheej txheem uas feem ntau ua manually.

Yog tias lub platform muaj API ruaj khov, nws txhais tau hais tias koj tuaj yeem sib koom ua ke thiab automate - txuag lub sijhawm ntawm phau ntawv, txhim kho lub sijhawm muaj peev xwm ntawm koj lub platform, thiab ua kom paub tseeb tias qhov tseeb - zam teeb meem nrog cov ntaub ntawv nkag.

Video Ntawm APIs Ua Haujlwm Li Cas

Yog tias koj yog tus tsim tawm platform, APIs kuj muaj lub sijhawm los cais koj cov neeg siv interface los ntawm koj cov lus nug thiab cov ntaub ntawv database. Vim li cas qhov ntawd tseem ceeb? Thaum koj tsim koj tus neeg siv interface, koj tuaj yeem siv tib APIs uas koj tshaj tawm rau lwm tus neeg thib peb. Ib yam nkaus, koj tuaj yeem rov sau koj cov neeg siv interface yam tsis muaj kev txhawj xeeb txog kev rhuav tshem cov kev sib koom ua ke tom qab.

Yuav Ua Li Cas Pom Muaj APIs

Puas yog koj tab tom nrhiav API rau ib yam khoom lossis kev pabcuam? APIs npe yog qhov chaw loj hlob rau tag nrho cov pej xeem APIs uas tau txhawb nqa los ntawm zej zog kom ntseeg tau tias koj yuav tau txais cov npe tshiab tshaj plaws thiab cov ntsiab lus ntawm tag nrho cov pej xeem APIs.

Nrhiav ib qho API

Yuav Ua Li Cas Ntsuas APIs

Yog tias koj xav sim APIs yam tsis tau sau kab ntawv, Talend muaj qhov zoo Daim Ntawv Thov Chrome rau kev cuam tshuam nrog APIs thiab pom lawv cov lus teb.

Ntxiv Talend's API Tester rau Chrome

Cov Ntawv Cuam Tshuam SDK sawv dab tsi?

SDK yog cov ntawv luv rau Cov Khoom Siv Tsim Kho Khoom Siv.

Thaum ib lub tuam txhab luam tawm nws API, feem ntau muaj cov ntaub ntawv nrog uas qhia tau hais tias API authenticates li cas, nws tuaj yeem nug tau li cas, thiab cov lus teb tsim nyog yog dab tsi. Txhawm rau pab cov neeg tsim khoom tau pib lub taub hau, cov tuam txhab feem ntau luam tawm a Cov Khoom Siv Tsim Kho Khoom Siv (SDK) kom suav nrog chav kawm lossis cov haujlwm tsim nyog tau yooj yim rau hauv cov haujlwm uas tus tsim tawm sau.

Lub Acronym XML sawv li cas?

XML yog acronym rau eXtensible Markup Lus. XML yog ib hom lus markup siv los encode cov ntaub ntawv nyob rau hauv ib hom ntawv uas yog tib neeg-nyeem tau thiab tshuab-nyeem tau.

Ntawm no yog ib qho piv txwv ntawm cov XML zoo li cas:

<?xml version ="1.0"?>
<product id ="1">
Khoom A
Thawj cov khoom

5.00
txhua

Lub npe JSON yog dab tsi sawv?

JSON yog ib qho ntawv qhia lub npe JavaScript ntawv cim cimJSON yog ib hom kev tsim cov ntaub ntawv uas xa rov qab los ntawm API. JSON yog lwm txoj hauv kev rau XML. REST APIs feem ntau teb nrog JSON - tus qauv qhib uas siv tib neeg cov ntawv nyeem kom xa cov ntaub ntawv cov khoom uas muaj tus cwj pwm-tus nqi khub.

Nov yog ib qho piv txwv ntawm cov ntaub ntawv saum toj no siv JSON:

{
"id": 1,
"npe": "Khoom A",
"lus piav qhia": "Thawj cov khoom",
"tus nqi": {
"nyiaj": "5.00",
"ib": "Txhua"
}
}

Lub npe Acronym REST sawv cev dab tsi?

SO yog ib tug acronym rau lub Kev Sawv Cev Hauv Xeev Kev Xa Mus architectural style rau faib hypermedia systems.

Whew… ua pa tob tob! Koj tuaj yeem nyeem tag nrho dissertation no, hu ua Architectural Styles thiab Tus Tsim ntawm Network-raws Software Architectures xa hauv qee qhov kev txaus siab ntawm cov tseev kom muaj ntawm DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY hauv Cov Ntaub Ntawv thiab Computer Science los ntawm Roy Thomas Fielding.

Ua tsaug, Dr. Fielding!

Lub suab npe SAP sawv cev dab tsi?

XAB NPUM yog cov ntawv sau rau Tej Yam Khoom Siv Yooj Yim Nkag raws

Kuv tsis yog programmer, tab sis hauv kuv lub tswv yim, cov neeg tsim khoom uas nyiam SOAP ua li ntawd vim lawv tuaj yeem tsim cov cai yooj yim hauv cov txheej txheem kev sib txuas lus uas nyeem cov Web Service txhais lus (wsdl ua) cov ntaub ntawv. Lawv tsis tas yuav txheeb xyuas cov lus teb, nws twb ua tiav siv WSDL. SOAP xav tau ib lub hnab ntawv programmatic, uas txhais cov qauv lus thiab yuav ua li cas rau nws, txheej txheej encoding cov cai rau kev nthuav qhia cov piv txwv ntawm daim ntawv thov-txhais cov ntaub ntawv, thiab ib daim ntawv cog lus rau sawv cev rau cov txheej txheem hu thiab teb.

Douglas Karr

Douglas Karr yog tus tsim ntawm tus Martech Zone thiab tus kws paub txog kev hloov pauv digital. Douglas tau pab pib ntau qhov kev vam meej MarTech startups, tau pab nyob rau hauv kev mob siab rau ntau tshaj $ 5 bil nyob rau hauv Martech acquisitions thiab kev nqis peev, thiab txuas ntxiv mus tshaj tawm nws tus kheej platforms thiab cov kev pab cuam. Nws yog ib tug co-founder ntawm Highbridge, lub tuam txhab pab tswv yim kev hloov pauv digital. Douglas kuj yog tus sau phau ntawv Dummie phau ntawv qhia thiab phau ntawv ua lag luam.

5 Comments

  1. Thaum kawg (thaum kawg!) Xaus lus luv luv hais txog ntawm tag nrho cov kev sib cav dhau los no-suab hais tau txhais li cas. Ua tsaug rau koj siv cov lus meej thiab ncaj qha, qhov tshwm sim = lub neej tom ntej uas zoo li me ntsis ci ntsa iab rau tus tub ntxhais kawm tsim tawm no.

    1. Kuv tuaj los Vic, yog… Kuv pom zoo. Cov lus no txaus ntshai. Kuv nco qab thawj zaug kuv tau programmed thov mus rau qib API thiab nws txhua tus nias thiab kuv tsis tuaj yeem ntseeg tias nws yooj yim npaum li cas. Ua tsaug!

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lwm yam khoom