Chaw Nyob Standardization 101: Cov txiaj ntsig, Txoj Kev, thiab Cov Lus Qhia

Chaw Nyob Standardization 101: Cov txiaj ntsig, Txoj Kev, thiab Cov Lus Qhia

Thaum twg yog zaum kawg koj pom txhua qhov chaw nyob hauv koj daim ntawv teev npe ua raws tib hom ntawv thiab tsis muaj qhov yuam kev? Tsis tau, txoj cai?

Txawm hais tias tag nrho cov kauj ruam koj lub tuam txhab yuav ua rau txo qis cov ntaub ntawv yuam kev, hais txog cov ntaub ntawv tsis zoo - xws li kev sau tsis raug, cov teb uas ploj lawm, lossis qhov chaw ua haujlwm - vim yog cov ntaub ntawv nkag mus - yog qhov kev zam. Qhov tseeb, xibfwb Raymond R. Panko hauv nws luam tawm ntawv taw qhia tias cov ntaub ntawv cov ntaub ntawv tsis raug tshwj xeeb ntawm cov ntaub ntawv me me tuaj yeem nyob nruab nrab ntawm 18% thiab 40%.  

Txhawm rau tiv thaiv qhov teeb meem no, qhov chaw nyob tus qauv tuaj yeem yog qhov kev daws teeb meem zoo. Cov ntawv tshaj tawm no qhia txog yuav ua li cas cov tuam txhab tuaj yeem tau txais txiaj ntsig los ntawm kev tsim cov ntaub ntawv, thiab cov txheej txheem thiab cov lus qhia dab tsi lawv yuav tsum xav txog txhawm rau ua kom tau txais txiaj ntsig.

Qhov Chaw Nyob Standardization yog dab tsi?

Chaw nyob standardization, los yog chaw nyob normalization, yog txheej txheem ntawm kev txheeb xyuas thiab formatting chaw nyob cov ntaub ntawv nyob rau hauv txoj kab nrog kev lees paub cov qauv kev xa ntawv raws li tau teev tseg nyob rau hauv ib qho kev tso cai database xws li cov ntaub ntawv. United States Postal Service (USPS).

Feem ntau qhov chaw nyob tsis ua raws li USPS tus qauv, uas txhais tau hais tias tus qauv chaw nyob raws li, ib qho uas tau sau tag nrho, luv luv siv Postal Service standard abbreviations, los yog raws li qhia nyob rau hauv tam sim no Postal Service ZIP +4 cov ntaub ntawv.

Postal Addressing Standards

Standardizing chaw nyob dhau los ua ib qho kev xav tau rau cov tuam txhab uas muaj chaw nyob nrog cov ntawv tsis sib xws lossis txawv vim tsis muaj cov ntsiab lus chaw nyob (piv txwv li, ZIP + 4 thiab ZIP + 6 cov lej) lossis cov cim cim, kab lus, qhov sib nrug, thiab kev sau ntawv yuam kev. Ib qho piv txwv ntawm qhov no yog muab hauv qab no:

Standardized chaw nyob xa ntawv

Raws li pom los ntawm lub rooj, txhua qhov chaw nyob cov ntsiab lus muaj ib lossis ntau qhov yuam kev thiab tsis muaj qhov ua tau raws li USPS cov lus qhia.

Chaw nyob standardization yuav tsum tsis txhob tsis meej pem nrog qhov chaw sib txuam thiab qhov chaw nyob validation. Txawm hais tias muaj qhov zoo sib xws, qhov kev lees paub qhov chaw nyob yog hais txog kev txheeb xyuas yog tias cov ntaub ntawv chaw nyob ua raws li cov ntaub ntawv chaw nyob uas twb muaj lawm hauv USPS database. Qhov chaw sib piv, ntawm qhov tod tes, yog hais txog kev sib piv ob qhov chaw nyob cov ntaub ntawv kom paub tseeb tias nws hais txog tib lub koom haum lossis tsis.

Cov txiaj ntsig ntawm Standardizing Chaw Nyob

Sib nrug los ntawm cov laj thawj pom tseeb ntawm kev ntxuav cov ntaub ntawv tsis zoo, cov chaw nyob tus qauv tuaj yeem muab cov txiaj ntsig zoo rau cov tuam txhab. Cov no suav nrog:

  • Txuag sij hawm txheeb xyuas qhov chaw nyob: tsis muaj qhov chaw nyob tus qauv, tsis muaj txoj hauv kev los xav tias yog tias daim ntawv teev npe siv rau kev xa ntawv ncaj qha yog qhov tseeb lossis tsis yog tshwj tsis yog cov ntawv xa rov qab lossis tsis tau txais cov lus teb. Los ntawm normalizing ntau qhov chaw nyob, ntau tus txiv neej-teev tuaj yeem cawm tau los ntawm cov neeg ua haujlwm sifting los ntawm ntau pua qhov chaw xa ntawv kom raug.
  • Txo tus nqi xa ntawv: Cov phiaj xwm xa ntawv ncaj qha tuaj yeem ua rau tsis raug lossis tsis raug qhov chaw nyob uas tuaj yeem tsim cov nqi xa nyiaj thiab xa cov teeb meem hauv kev xa ntawv ncaj qha. Standardizing chaw nyob los txhim kho cov ntaub ntawv sib xws yuav txo tau xa rov qab los yog undelivered mails, ua rau siab dua mail teb tus nqi.
  • Tshem tawm qhov chaw nyob duplicate: Kev sib txawv ntawm cov qauv thiab chaw nyob nrog qhov yuam kev tuaj yeem ua rau xa ob zaug ntau li email rau cov neeg sib cuag uas tuaj yeem txo cov neeg siv khoom txaus siab thiab cov duab hom. Kev tu koj cov npe chaw nyob tuaj yeem pab koj lub tuam txhab txuag cov nqi xa khoom tsis zoo.

Yuav ua li cas rau Standardize Chaw Nyob?

Txhua qhov chaw nyob normalization yuav tsum ua raws li USPS cov lus qhia kom nws tsim nyog. Siv cov ntaub ntawv tseem ceeb hauv Table 1, ntawm no yog qhov chaw nyob cov ntaub ntawv yuav tshwm sim li cas.

Ua ntej thiab tom qab qhov chaw nyob standardization

Standardizing chaw nyob muaj 4-kauj ruam txheej txheem. Qhov no suav nrog:

  1. Ntshuam chaw nyob: sau tag nrho cov chaw nyob los ntawm ntau qhov chaw cov ntaub ntawv - xws li Excel spreadsheets, SQL databases, thiab lwm yam - rau hauv ib daim ntawv.
  2. Cov ntaub ntawv profile los tshuaj xyuas qhov yuam kev: nqa tawm cov ntaub ntawv profile siv kom nkag siab txog cov peev txheej thiab hom kev ua yuam kev tam sim no hauv koj daim ntawv teev npe. Ua qhov no tuaj yeem ua rau koj lub tswv yim ntxhib ntawm cov teeb meem muaj peev xwm uas yuav tsum tau kho ua ntej ua txhua yam qauv.  
  3. Kev huv huv kom ua tau raws li USPS cov lus qhia: Thaum kuaj pom txhua qhov yuam kev, koj tuaj yeem ntxuav cov chaw nyob thiab ua qauv raws li USPS cov lus qhia.
  4. Txheeb xyuas thiab tshem tawm qhov chaw nyob duplicate: txhawm rau txheeb xyuas qhov chaw nyob sib npaug, koj tuaj yeem tshawb nrhiav ob npaug hauv koj daim ntawv nthuav qhia lossis cov ntaub ntawv lossis siv qhov tseeb lossis fuzzy txuam mus dedupe entries.

Cov txheej txheem ntawm Standardizing Chaw Nyob

Muaj ob txoj hauv kev rau normalizing chaw nyob hauv koj daim ntawv teev npe. Cov no suav nrog:

Phau ntawv Scripts thiab cov cuab yeej

Cov neeg siv tuaj yeem nrhiav tau cov ntawv sau ua haujlwm thiab ntxiv-ins kom normalize chaw nyob ntawm cov tsev qiv ntawv ntawm ntau yam

  1. Programming lus: Python, JavaScript, lossis R tuaj yeem ua rau koj khiav qhov chaw nyob tsis sib xws kom txheeb xyuas qhov chaw nyob tsis raug thiab siv cov cai tswj hwm kev cai kom haum rau koj tus kheej cov ntaub ntawv chaw nyob.
  2. Coding repositories: GitHub muab cov qauv code thiab USPS API kev koom ua ke uas koj tuaj yeem siv los txheeb xyuas thiab kho qhov chaw nyob.  
  3. Application Programming Interfaces: Cov kev pabcuam thib peb uas tuaj yeem koom ua ke ntawm API los txheeb xyuas, ua qauv, thiab siv tau cov chaw xa ntawv.
  4. Cov cuab yeej siv Excel: add-ins thiab cov kev daws teeb meem xws li YAddress, AddressDoctor Excel Plugin, lossis excel VBA Master tuaj yeem pab koj txheeb xyuas thiab ntsuas koj qhov chaw nyob hauv koj cov ntaub ntawv.

Qee qhov txiaj ntsig ntawm kev mus rau hauv txoj kev no yog tias nws pheej yig thiab tuaj yeem ceev cov ntaub ntawv rau cov ntaub ntawv me me. Txawm li cas los xij, siv cov ntawv sau zoo li no tuaj yeem sib cais dhau li ob peb txhiab cov ntaub ntawv thiab yog li tsis haum rau cov ntaub ntawv loj heev lossis cov kis thoob plaws qhov chaw sib txawv.

Chaw Nyob Tshawb Xyuas Software

Kev txheeb xyuas qhov chaw nyob sab nraud thiab normalization software kuj tuaj yeem siv los ua kom cov ntaub ntawv zoo. Feem ntau, cov cuab yeej zoo li no tuaj nrog qhov chaw nyob qhov tseeb - xws li kev sib koom ua ke ntawm USPS cov ntaub ntawv - thiab muaj cov ntaub ntawv tawm ntawm lub thawv thiab ntxuav cov khoom nrog rau fuzzy txuam algorithms los tsim cov chaw nyob ntawm qhov ntsuas.

Nws tseem ceeb heev uas cov software muaj CASS certification los ntawm USPS thiab ua tau raws li qhov yuav tsum tau ua kom raug raws li nram no:

  • 5-tus lej coding - siv qhov ploj lossis tsis raug 5-tus lej ZIP code.
  • ZIP + 4 coding - siv 4 tus lej tsis raug lossis tsis raug.
  • Qhov taw qhia kev xa khoom nyob hauv tsev (RDI) - txiav txim siab seb qhov chaw nyob puas yog neeg nyob lossis kev lag luam.
  • Delivery Point Validation (DPV) - txiav txim siab seb qhov chaw nyob puas tuaj yeem xa mus rau chav suite lossis chav tsev.
  • Txhim Kho Kab Kev Mus Los (eLOT) - tus lej ua ntu zus uas qhia txog qhov tshwm sim thawj zaug ntawm kev xa khoom mus rau qhov chaw ntxiv nyob rau hauv txoj kev thauj mus los, thiab tus lej nce / nqis los qhia txog qhov kwv yees qhov kev xa khoom hauv tus lej ua ntu zus. 
  • Locatable Chaw Nyob Conversion System Txuas (LACSLink) - ib txoj hauv kev tau txais qhov chaw nyob tshiab rau cov nroog hauv nroog uas tau siv 911 qhov xwm txheej ceev.
  • Chav dejLink® enables cov neeg muas zaub muab txhim kho kev lag luam cov ntaub ntawv hais txog los ntawm kev ntxiv cov ntaub ntawv thib ob (suite) paub rau cov chaw nyob ua lag luam, uas yuav tso cai rau USPS kev xa khoom raws li qhov nws yuav tsis ua tau.
  • Thiab ntau tshaj ...

Cov txiaj ntsig tseem ceeb yog qhov yooj yim uas nws tuaj yeem txheeb xyuas thiab ntsuas qhov chaw nyob cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia hauv cov tshuab tsis sib xws nrog rau CRMs, RDBMs thiab Hadoop-based repositories thiab geocode cov ntaub ntawv kom tau txais txiaj ntsig longitude thiab latitude.

Raws li kev txwv, cov cuab yeej zoo li no tuaj yeem raug nqi ntau dua li kev qhia chaw nyob normalization.

Txoj kev twg zoo dua?

Xaiv txoj hauv kev los txhim kho koj cov npe chaw nyob yog nyob ntawm qhov ntim ntawm koj cov ntaub ntawv chaw nyob, pawg thev naus laus zis, thiab lub sijhawm ua haujlwm.

Yog tias koj daim ntawv teev npe chaw nyob tsawg dua hais tsib txhiab cov ntaub ntawv, kev tsim nws los ntawm Python lossis JavaScript tuaj yeem yog qhov kev xaiv zoo dua. Txawm li cas los xij, yog tias ua tiav ib qho ntawm qhov tseeb rau qhov chaw nyob siv cov ntaub ntawv nthuav tawm hauv ntau qhov chaw hauv lub sijhawm yog qhov xav tau nrawm ces CASS-tsim ntawv pov thawj chaw nyob software tuaj yeem yog qhov kev xaiv zoo dua.